Något som alla vilka stödjer revolutionen i Eqyptien bör läsa

Egypten är ett land med många motsättningar, inte bara mellan muslimer och kristna. En övergång till demokrati måste få ta tid och i dag finns inte de liberala krafter som behövs för att åstadkomma den förändringen, menar Hany Samir, läkare i Assiut i södra Egypten.
Egypten är ett land med många motsättningar, inte bara mellan muslimer och kristna. En övergång till demokrati måste få ta tid och i dag finns inte de liberala krafter som behövs för att åstadkomma den förändringen, menar Hany Samir, läkare i Assiut i södra Egypten.
Foto: Lars Rindeskog

2011-02-03 06:00 | Utrikes

”Övergången till demokrati måste få ta tid”

EGYPTEN  – Det som hänt den senaste tiden har gjort mig än mer övertygad om att vår familj inte har någon framtid här, säger läkaren Hany Samir.Han befinner sig i hemstaden Assiut, där han arbetar på stadens sjukhus. Hela natten har han vakat, men inte i tjänsten, utan på gatorna tillsammans med andra som ett svar på de lokala myndigheternas uppmaning om att hjälpa till att skydda samhället mot de kriminella som efter att många av landets fängelser tömts under upproret nu driver omkring och plundrar. 
– Här i södern är det fortfaran­de ganska lugnt, säger han. Polisen finns kvar till skillnad från i norr och militären har stängt av en del vägar för att underlätta kontrollen. Min fru kunde inte komma till sitt jobb i morse på grund av detta. Men i norr råder det total anarki. Jag har kolleger som har släktingar i norr, och de fruktar till och med för sina liv. En vars bror ringde igår och gråtande sa ”om jag dör, ta hand om mina barn”.

Hany Samir har sin bestämda åsikt om det som sker nu. Inte bara besvikelse över att protesterna på sina håll övergått till anarkistisk plundring. Han ifrågasätter också den politiska nyttan.
– Den här facebookrevolutionen gagnar ingenting. De som protesterar har bara ett mål, att bli kvitt president Mubarak. Någon politisk plan för framtiden finns inte, och det gör risken desto större att vi kommer att få se islamisterna i Muslimska brödraskapet ta över scenen.
Att kyrkan skulle spela någon roll i det pågående skeendet tror han inte.
– De flesta kristna är liberalt sinnade, men kyrkans ledare har inte det politiska sinnelaget.

Mohamed ElBaradei, tidigare chef­en för internationella kärnvapenorganet IAEA som nu försöker framstå som en ledare för demonstranterna och ett enande liberalt och demokratiskt alternativ till Mubarak, avfärdar han frankt:
– Han kommer snart att bli utmanövrerad av brödraskapet. Se bara på det råd på tio personer han samlat kring sig: fyra, fem av dem kommer från brödraskapet. ElBaradei har förrått det liberala budskapet genom att liera sig med dessa. Han har bara kommit tillbaka för att vara med och dela på arvet.

Hany Samir är naturligtvis kritisk till den regim som nu vacklar.
– Visst, den är korrupt och den förtrycker oss kristna. Men det här är definitivt fel sätt att åstadkomma en förändring. En övergång till demokrati måste få ta tid och i dag finns inte de liberala krafter som behövs för att åstadkomma den förändringen. Egypten är ett land med många motsättningar, inte bara mellan muslimer och kristna. Det finns floddeltat och Nildalen, medelklass och arbetarklass, beduiner och egyptier, nubier och egyptier, stad och landsbygd och dess-utom de olika muslimska inriktningarna. 40 procent av befolkningen är analfabeter. Allt detta måste tas med i beräkningen.

Hellre än en svag ”revolutionsledare” som snabbt skulle bli offer för starkare krafter, skulle Hany Samir se att den person som Mubarak nu i veckan utsåg till landets vicepresident, den tidigare chefen för militärens underrättelsetjänst Omar Suleiman, tog över ledningen, uppbackad av militären.
– Han är respekterad i vida kretsar, han är sekulär och han kan den storpolitiska situationen såväl som den inrikespolitiska.
– Den viktigaste frågan blir hur militären agerar den närmaste tiden. Militären borde vara livrädd för utsikten att brödraskapet kommer till makten.

För det som händer i Egypten ger eko i hela arabvärlden. Och ingen kan säga hur Israel skulle reagera – eller proagera – inför en sådan utsikt.
Och i jämförelse med vad en upptrappad konflikt med Israel skulle kunna innebära, är dagens förtryck mot de kristna en västanfläkt, menar Hany Samir.
För några veckor sedan var Kanada målet för Hany Samir och hans familj.
– Men fortsätter det så här försöker vi nog ta oss till Södra Sudan eller Kenya. Endera alternativet är nog bättre än att stanna kvar.

Lars Rindeskog
08-462 28 16
lars.rindeskog@kyrkanstidning.se

http://www.kyrkanstidning.se/kyrkanstidning/nyheter%E2%80%9Dovergangen_till_demokrati_maste_fa_ta_tid%E2%80%9D_0_16201.news.aspx

Annonser

Al Qaida defeated!?!

Hörde på P1 ikväll (10-11-27) att Al Qaida  är på väg att besegras tack vare att folk i den muslimska världen har insett att de inte har någon politisk agenda utan bara vill föra en väpnad kamp mot alla, även de muslimer som de säger sig kämpar för.

En annan intressant sak som sades är att Västväldens fanatiska rädsla för att de finns och kan slå till var och när de vill, samt alla dessa absurda försiktighetsåtgärder har gjort att Al Qaida har vunnit utan att avfira ett enda skott. Tål att tänka på!

Och att det finns en hel industri som byggds upp för att hålla säkerhetens nivå hög och även om faran är över kommer den industri att se till att den finns kvar eftersom mycket pengar har investerats.

Tack George!

Om Krysningsfartyget ”Australis”, mitt färdmedel Australien – Egypten under 6 veckor f.o.m. 14e okt. 1977

 

Australis

  • 1940 to 1998              26, 485 Tons        723 x 93 Feet           22 Knots
The largest ever Chandris liner became famous in Australia as one of the biggest migrant ships serving the South Pacific.  Earlier in her life, she was also famous in the USA, as their largest liner, America, and as the troopship USS West Point which could carry over 8000 soldiers in World War II.

America of the United States Line 

The America was another famous US passenger liner ship designed by William Francis Gibbs.  The liner was launched by Mrs. Franklin Roosevelt on 31 August 1939 and was the largest American ship built, catering for 543 first class, 418 tourist class and 241 third class passengers.Because of the War, America was unable to make her maiden voyage across the Atlantic and her first service was a cruise to the Caribbean, departing New York on 10 August 1940.  The ship continued cruising until July 1941 when she was recquisitioned by the US Navy and refitted as a troop transport.Renamed USS West Point, the ship took part in a convoy half way around the world, eventually voyaging to Singapore where the Japanese forces were approaching.  While anchored off Singapore, West Point was attacked by enemy aircraft and her troops were rerouted to Bombay before West Point sailed to Egypt to pick up Australian troops to be transported to the new Pacific front.West Point continued her war service until July 1946 when she was refitted for passenger services, with accommodation being altered to carry 516 first class, 371 cabin class and 159 tourist class passengers.  She departed New York on 14 November 1956 en route to Southampton and Le Havre. In late 1951, the America’s voyages were extended to Bremen and she continued this route for the next thirteen years, for the last twelve of them in partnership with her newer and bigger sister, the United States, which broke transatlantic speed records and took the Blue Riband when she commenced services in mid 1952.In September 1963, the America suffered from an engineer’s strike and she was unable to resume services until February 1964.  Her schedule was cut short only eight months later when her operating costs proved too high to justify continuing her service.  She made her final (288th) Atlantic voyage from New York on 27 October, bound for Bremen.Only a few days after the conclusion of this voyage, many American’s were shocked to hear that the ship had been quickly sold to Chandris Lines.

 Australis of the Chandris Line 

After being renamed Australis (Australian maiden) by Chandris, the ship was extensively refitted in Piraeus with air-conditioning being added and accommodation doubling to carry 2258 passengers in one class.  In addition, her hull was painted white and and her funnels painted Blue with the traditional Chandris ‘X’ in white.Australis commenced her maiden voyage, from Piraeus to Sydney, on 21 August 1965 and returned to Southampton via the Pacific and the Caribbean.  After this, her regular route would be from Southampton to Australia (and sometimes New Zealand) via the Suez Canal.Her voyages were re-routed around South Africa from 1967 due to the closure of the Suez, and her future looked bright when Chandris Lines won the government contract to transport British migrants to Australia in 1970.  This trade declined dramatically, however, over the next half of the decade and, by 1976, the Australis was the last liner sailing regularly between England and Australia.Australis’ last voyage to Australia departed Southampton on 18 November 1977; the 650 migrants on board were the last to travel to Australia by sea, and Australis was laid up in Timaru, New Zealand before the end of the year.From this time, there were numerous rumours concerning the sale of the ship to other companies or ship-breakers but early in 1978, Australis was bought by America Cruise Lines, a new company, for $5 million.

       America of Venture Cruise Lines 

In May 1979, Australis sailed into New York, going into drydock for a major refurbishment.  Her hull was repainted dark blue with funnels of the same colour also having a red band.  She was renamed America at the same time the America Cruise Lines changed their own name to Venture Cruise Lines.In June 1978, America left New York on a three day cruise, which turned to disaster when passengers complained about unfinished facilities on the ship.  Only six hours out of port, the ship was forced to turn back and disembarked 250 unhappy passengers by lifeboats.  Subsequent cruises also suffered from problems and on 18 July America was arrested by the District Court.  Venture Cruises ceased operation a few days after this and America was laid up. Two months later, the America was auctioned off and the surprise winning bid came from Chandris Lines, who made a cool four million dollar profit when they were successful with their $1 million bid.

 Italis of the Chandris Line 

                  America was re-fitted in Piraeus in 1979 with the removal of the dummy forward funnel being the most noticeable change.  The ship was renamed Italis and she departed Genoa on 28 July on the first of three Meditteranean cruises.  However, in September, Australis was again laid up and she was put on the market and sold to Inter Commerce Corp, for use as a floating hotel.                                                                                                                   

The  America/Australis.    Her End

Inter Commerce Corp had planned to convert the Italis to a hotel for Lagos and the ship was renamed Noga.  However the ship remained laid up and the ship was sold to Silver Moon Ferries.Silver Moon renamed Noga as Alferdoss but the ship did not return to immediate service as her periods laid up had badly damaged the hull of the ship.  In 1988, near Piraeus. Alferdoss had to be run aground to stop her sinking.                                                      This is an unofficial, non-profit, just-for-fun, page but is © 1995 – 2002 by Graham Thomas

 

Man in ‘coma’ heard everything for 23 years…….. Makes you think doesn’t it?


Man in ‘coma’ heard everything for 23 years

Mother says her son received wrong medical diagnosis after 1983 car crash

 
     
updated 5:27 p.m. ET Nov. 23, 2009

//

BRUSSELS – For 23 torturous years, Rom Houben says he lay trapped in his paralyzed body, aware of what was going on around him but unable to tell anyone or even cry out.

The car-crash victim had been diagnosed as being in a vegetative state but appears to have been conscious the whole time. An expert using a specialized type of brain scan that was not available in the 1980s finally realized it, and unlocked Houben’s mind again.

The 46-year-old Houben is now communicating with one finger and a special touchscreen on his wheelchair.

“Powerlessness. Utter powerlessness. At first I was angry, then I learned to live with it,” he said, punching the message into the screen during an interview with the Belgian RTBF network, aired Monday. He has called his rescue his “renaissance.”

Over the years, Houben’s family refused to accept the word of his doctors, firmly believing their son knew what was happening around him, and gave no thought to letting him die, said his mother, Fina. She was vindicated when the breakthrough came.

“At that moment, you think, ‘Oh, my God. See, now you know.’ I was always convinced,” she said in a telephone interview with The Associated Press.

The discovery took place three years ago but only recently came to light, after publication of a study on the misdiagnosis of people with consciousness disorders.

While a 23-year error is highly unusual, the wrong diagnosis of patients with consciousness disorders is far too common, according to the study, led by Steven Laureys of Belgium’s Coma Science Group.

“Despite the importance of diagnostic accuracy, the rate of misdiagnosis of vegetative state has not substantially changed in the past 15 years,” the study said. Back then, studies found that “up to 43 percent of patients with disorders of consciousness are erroneously assigned a diagnosis of vegetative state.”

The issue is fraught with difficult medical and ethical questions. Patients diagnosed as being in a vegetative state with no hope of recovery are sometimes allowed to die, as was done in 2005 with Terri Schiavo, the severely brain-damaged Florida woman at the center of the biggest right-to-die case in U.S. history. Her feeding tube was removed.

“It makes you think. There is still a lot of work to be done” to better diagnose such disorders, said Caroline Schnakers of the Coma Science Group.

Houben was injured in an auto accident in 1983 when he was 20. Doctors said he fell into a coma at first, then went into a vegetative state.

A coma is a state of unconsciousness in which the eyes are closed and the patient cannot be roused. A vegetative state is a condition in which the eyes are open and can move, and the patient has periods of sleep and periods of wakefulness, but remains unconscious and cannot reason or respond.

Image: Ron Houben
Eurovision video
After 23 years trapped in an unresponsive state, Rom Houben can communicate using a special keyboard. He used the device to tell a reporter for the German magazine Der Spiegel that: “I screamed but there was nothing to hear.”

During Houben’s two lost decades, his eyesight was poor, but the experts say he could hear doctors, nurses and visitors to his bedside, and feel the touch of a relative. He says that during that time, he heard his father had died, but he was unable to show any emotion.

Over the years, Houben’s skeptical mother took him to the United States five times for tests. More searching got her in touch with Laureys, who put Houben through a PET scan.

“We saw his brain was almost normal,” said neuropsychologist Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse, who has worked with Houben for three years.

The family and doctors then began trying to establish communication. A breakthrough came when he was able to indicate yes or no by slightly moving his foot to push a computer device placed there by Laureys’ team. Then came the spelling of words using the touchscreen.

Houben’s condition has since been diagnosed as a form of “locked-in syndrome,” in which people are unable to speak or move but can think and reason.

“You have to imagine yourself lying in bed wanting to speak and move but unable to do so — while in your head you are OK,” Vanhaudenhuyse said. “It was extremely difficult for him and he showed a lot of anger, which is normal since he was very frustrated.”

With so much to say after suffering for so long in silence, Houben has started writing a book.

“He lives from day to day,” his 73-year-old mother said. “He can be funny and happy,” but is also given to black humor.

Recently he went to his father’s grave for the planting of a tree.

“A letter he wrote was lowered into the grave through a tube,” his mother said. “He closed his eyes for half an hour, because he cannot cry.”

There is little hope that Houben’s physical condition will get better, but his mother said she refuses to give up: “We continue to search and search. For 26 years already.”

Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg (Albania’s national hero)

Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg

 Gjergj (Albanian for George) Kastrioti (1405January 17, 1468) was born in Krujë, Albania from Gjon Kastrioti, lord of Middle Albania, who was obliged by the Ottomans to pay tribute to the Empire. To assure the fidelity of local rulers the Sultan used to take their sons as hostages and bring them up in his court. In 1423, Gjergj Kastrioti and his three brothers were taken by the Turks. He attended military school in the Ottoman Empire and was named given the title Iskander Bey (Albanian transliteration: Skënderbeu). In Turkish this title means Lord or Prince Alexander (in honor of Alexander the Great) and was given to him after repeated military victories for the Empire.

 Success in the Ottoman army

He was distinguished as one of the best officers in several Ottoman campaigns both in Asia Minor and in Europe, and the Sultan appointed him General. He even fought against Greeks, Serbs and Hungarians, and some sources claim that he used to maintain secret links with Ragusa, Venice, Ladislaus V of Hungary and Alfonso I of Naples. Sultan Murad II gave him the title Vali that made him the General Governor of some provinces in central Albania. He was respected everywhere but he missed his country. After his father died and his brothers were poisoned, Skanderbeg was looking for a way to return to Albania and lead his countrymen against the Ottoman armies.

Fighting for the freedom of Albania

In 1443, Skanderbeg saw his opportunity during the battle against the Hungarians led by John Hunyadi in Nis (in present day Serbia). He switched sides along with other Albanians serving in the Ottoman army. He eventually captured Kruje, his father’s seat in Middle Albania. Above the castle he rose the Albanian flag, a red flag with a black double-headed eagle, and pronounced the words: ”I have not brought you liberty, I found it here, among you.” He managed to unite all Albanian princes at the town of Lezhë (see League of Lezha, 1444) and united them under his command to fight against the Ottomans. He fought a guerilla war against the opposing armies by using the mountainous terrain to his advantage.

During the next 25 years, with forces rarely exceeding 20,000, he fought against the most powerful army of the time. In 1450 the Ottoman army was led by the Sultan Murad II in person, who died after his defeat on the way back. On two other occasions, in 1466 and 1467, Mehmed II, the conqueror of Constantinople, led the Ottoman army himself against Skanderbeg and failed to defeat him. The Ottoman Empire attempted to conquer Kruje 24 times and failed each time. In 1461, Mehmed II acknowledged him by a temporary truce as lord of Albania.

Papal Relations

 Skanderbeg’s military successes evoked a good deal of interest and admiration from the Papal States, Venice and Naples, themselves threatened by the growing Ottoman power across the Adriatic Sea. Skanderbeg played his hand with a good deal of political and diplomatic skill in his dealings with the three Italian states. Hoping to strengthen and expand Skanderbeg’s state, they provided him with money, supplies and occasionally troops. One of his most powerful and consistent supporters was Alfonso the Magnanimous, the Aragone king of Naples, who decided to take Skanderbeg under his protection as vassal in 1451, shortly after the latter had scored his second victory against Murad II. In addition to financial assistance, the King of Naples undertook to supply the Albanian leader with troops, military equipment as well as with sanctuary for himself and his family if such a need should arise. As an active defender of the Christian cause in the Balkans, Skanderbeg was also closely involved with the politics of four Popes, one of them being Pope Pius II, the Renaissance humanist, writer and diplomat.

Profoundly shaken by the fall of Constantinople in 1453, Pius II tried to organize a new crusade against the Turks; consequently he did his best to come to Skanderbeg’s aid, as his predecessors Pope Nicholas V and Pope Calixtus III had done before him. This policy was continued by his successor, Pope Paul II. They gave him the title Athleta Christi.

For a quarter of a century he and his country prevented the Turks from invading the Italian Peninsula.

Gjergj Kastriot’s Legacy

After his death from natural causes in 1468 in Lezhe, his soldiers resisted the Turks for the next 12 years. In 1480 Albania was finally conquered by the Ottoman Empire. When the Turks found the grave of Skanderbeg in Saint Nicholas church of Lezhe, they opened it and held his bones like talismans for luck. The same year, they invaded Italy and conquered the city of Otranto.

Skanderbeg’s posthumous game was not confined to his own country. Voltaire thought the Byzantine Empire would have survived had it possessed a leader of his quality. A number of poets and composers have also drawn inspiration from his military career. The French sixteenth-century poet Ronsard wrote a poem about him, as did the nineteenth-century American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Antonio Vivaldi composed an opera entitled Scanderbeg.

Skanderbeg today is the National Hero of Albania. Many museums and monuments are raised in his honor around Albania, among them the Museum of Skanderbeg in his castle in Kruje.

Sources

Adapted from Fan S. Noli‘s biography George Castrioti Scanderbeg and the 1911 Encyclopedia

Hmmmmmmmmmmmmmm………Strong, Clever

www.youtube.com/watch?v=2z15FlTONVo

Christmas in Sweden

Christmas in Sweden

  A thousand years ago in Sweden, King Canute declared that Christmas would last a month, from December 13, the feast of St. Lucia until January 13, or Tjugondag Knut (St. Canute’s Day).

 Some say St. Lucia once visited the country, and others believe missionaries brought stories of her life which entranced the Swedish people.

 Her story is that in the days of early Christian persecution, Lucia carried food to Christians hiding in dark underground tunnels. To light the way she wore a wreath of candles on her head. Eventually Lucia was arrested and martyred.

On her feast day the eldest daughter in each family dresses in a white dress with a red sash, and wears an evergreen wreath with seven lighted candles on her head.

 She (very carefully) carries coffee and buns to each family member in his or her room and the younger children often wear a cone like hat with a star on top and accompany her.

Many schools, offices, and communities sponsor Lucia processions in which carol are sung and everyone thanks the Queen of Light for bringing hope during the darkest time of the year.

 Before the midday meal on Christmas Eve, the family gathers in the kitchen for a custom called doppa I grytan, ”dipping in the kettle.”

 All gather round a pot filled drippings of pork, sausage and corned beef and dip dark bread into it, which they eat when it is completely soaked with the drippings.

 The traditional Christmas Eve dinner would start off with a smorgasbord with a sip of akvavit; then lutfisk, a sun-dried cod served in cream sauce, and ham; finally rice pudding with an almond in it.

 After dinner all gather around the Christmas tree to open the presents. These gifts were brought by the Jultomen, a gnome who lives in the barn, if there is one.

He has to have his portion of rice pudding if he is to behave in the coming year. On Christmas Day there is a service a 5:00 a.m.

 After that the day is devoted to rest and to religious observance.

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